The Department of Philology, Universitatea Petrol-Gaze din Ploieşti

The Centre of Literary Studies, Linguistics, Theory of Criticism and Culture

in collaboration with

The Department of English Studies, University of Cyprus

invite you to the international conference

Arts of Healing: Cultural Narratives of Trauma

 

Starting with the nineties, the role of cultural memory was re-evaluated through trauma theory which has become a dominant framework within which one can investigate the transmission of catastrophic experiences. More specifically, the work of Cathy Caruth (Unclaimed Experience: Trauma, Narrative, and History), Shoshana Felman and Dori Laub (Testimony: Crises of Witnessing in Literature, Psychoanalysis, and History), Avishai Margalit (The Ethics of Memory), Dominick LaCapra (History and Memory after Auschwitz) has shown that, after a traumatic event, the role of memory in witnessing changes. The survivor of a trauma finds it impossible to relate to what happened to him/ her, as suffering is not easy to translate into a logical frame, and evil cannot be diagnosed. Because trauma often disrupts the mechanisms by which memory is represented and a trauma victim finds it hard to heal his/ her wounds, the testimony is invalidated and the victim is not given credibility to report events as they happened (LaCapra and Dori Laub). Whereas historians tend not to take into account the testimony of witnesses, others emphasize the responsibility of transmission.  

 

If what has become known as the classical model of trauma has foregrounded the unrepresentability of the traumatic event, revisionist approaches seek to move beyond an aporetic understanding of trauma, investigating both intersubjective and intrasubjective psychic processes of healing (See, for example, Ruth Leys, Trauma: A Genealogy). In their ‘Mending Wounds?: Healing, Working through, or Staying in Trauma: An Introduction’ (special issue of theJournal of Literary Studies, 2013), John Masterson, David Watson and Merle Williams asked whether cultural narratives of trauma can contradict to a certain extent trauma theory that does not discuss the efficacy of working through traumas. Trauma theory showed that victims find it difficult to relate their traumatic experiences and the listener has to respect their silence (see Laub). A way to break the victim’s literal silence and overcome the prevailing malaise in verbal representation is to attempt to bypass the literary and appeal to a non-literary way of representing trauma. Traumatic memory is not always verbal; it can also be re-experienced visually. Traumas can be healed not by eliminating traumatic memories, but by communicating them in any form, not only that of the narrative but also that of any other nonverbal, ‘iconic’ forms of communication like drawing and painting. Because art can help victims and witnesses of trauma make sense of its illogical experience and communicate it visually, creative art therapies have proven to be effective in trauma treatment.

 

The publication in 2007 of Catherine Malabou’s Les nouveaux blessés: De Freud à lq neurologie ; penser les traumatismes contemporaines has introduced a radically new framework within which to conceptualize the traumatic event and its impact on the cartography of an individual’s brain. Malabou argues that the frontier separating organic from sociopolitical traumatisms is becoming more and more fluid, given that all forms of trauma transform neuronal organization, especially those cerebral sites that Malabou calls ‘the affective brain.’ Malabou moves on to propose a general theory of trauma that seeks to understand the distinctness of ‘the new wounded,’ victims of accidental traumatisms, chronic degenerative maladies or different forms of extreme violence devoid of reason. As she insists, these new patients cannot be understood by traditional psychoanalysis because cerebral trauma destroys the core of psychical life, leaving behind it only the form of an absence. What is more, cerebral trauma breaks the hermeneutic thread that sustains the talking cure and arrests the transferential process that both psychoanalysis and classical trauma theory consider an inextricable part of the ‘art of healing.’ Malabou asks: Is it still possible to write the novel of a psychic economy deprived of infancy, cut off from all emotion, untranslatable into the language of dreams?

 

Taking into account the approaches described above, this conference focuses on the literary text but intends to extend the notion of cultural narratives to the other arts that can restore the impaired function of metaphor in language and heal.

 

We welcome individual paper presentations, panels and posters that explore topics in the following areas, but are not limited to:

 

 

  • Trauma: between remembering and forgetting
  • Witnessing and healing trauma in literature and the visual arts
  • The discourse of trauma, healing through language
  • Cultural narratives of healing after trauma
  • Creative art therapies, healing through the arts
  • The temporalities of trauma
  • The transmissibility/translatability of trauma
  • Neuropsychoanalytic approaches to trauma

     

    Keynote speakers

    Associate Professor dr. Maria Margaroni, University of Cyprus

    Professor Hab. Silviu Lupaşcu, University of Galați

     

    3-5 November 2016

     Conference sections

    The conference consists of the following sections:

  • Cultural and Critical Theory
  • Literary and Translation Studies
  • Linguistics Studies and Discourse Analysis
  • Cultural Anthropology and Philosophy

 

Visual Arts

 

The five potential strands may be merged depending on the final conference programme.

The official languages of the conference are English and French.

Abstract submission

Please email the completed form (available on the conference website) to: conference.upg@gmail.com

Abstract proposals should be written in the language of the presentation and be up to 300 words long. Please include a short indicative bibliography of up to five titles. Individual papers will be allotted 30 minutes (20 minutes – presentation, 10 minutes – discussion time), while panels and workshops should last no longer than 90 minutes per session.

All abstracts will be peer-reviewed by the organizing committee of the conference.

 

Deadline

The abstract submission deadline (including panel proposals) is 15 September 2016 and the notification of acceptance will be received by 20 September 2016.

After you have received the notification of acceptance, the conference fee is to be paid in the account indicated on the site no later than 30 September 2016.

For more details, please consult the conference site at

http://artsofhealing.wix.com/conferenceupg

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